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Vahidbafandeh M, Imani Shamloo J. Compilation of Indicators for Redesigning the Facade of Historical Axes from the Perspective of the Occurrence of Meaning and Recreating the Mental Image of Citizens: a Systematic Review. Urban Design Discourse
a Review of Contemporary Litreatures and Theories 2023; 4 (1) :1-26
URL: http://udd.modares.ac.ir/article-40-65974-en.html
1- Master student of Urban design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran , j.imani@tabriziau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1016 Views)
Description: The study of historical axes is considered as a necessary subject for valuing and preserving the cultural identity of people in the structure of the city and it is a kind of mental and meaningful heritage of a society. While most studies focus on the body of urban facade, there are limited studies to analyze urban facade based on subjective dimensions and meaning.

Objective: The main goal of this research is to identify the effective indicators in the redesign of the facade of historical axes based on the semantic dimensions and the mental image of the citizens. The qualitative-quantitative combination of research and research conducted in this field to validate the indicators is considered another goal of the research.

Methods: In order to achieve the goal, a systematic review method has been used, and Farsi and English scientific-research articles have formed the statistical population of the research, and examining the interaction between research conducted using the tool of the review method is considered an important tool. The statistical population of the research is about 73 articles, which are based on keywords (mental image, meaning, and historical axes). Some articles were excluded from the research process in the screening process based on the PRISMA checklist, and finally, 57 articles formed the final statistical population of the research, and in this regard, Persian databases (Irandoc, Civilica, Elmnet, and Magiran) and in the field of English-language articles, databases (Scopus, Elsevier) have been used.

Findings: The findings show that the geographical distribution and the contextual characteristics of the environment have a direct impact on the understanding of the environmental meaning in urban facade and the indicators follow this issue. The internal structures of society, culture and individual dimensions are also abundant in the literature of the world, and in the quantitative dimension of research, the lack of use of basic theories and communication between components is considered one of the weaknesses of the researches. Based on this, the components and qualities of urban facade and the relationship between them and the basic theories have been collected through analytical tools and matrices, which include indicators such as maintaining the individual and social dependencies of the environment, the involvement of the five senses, and the existence of volume based on shape.

Conclusion: The result expresses the deep connection between the mind and the semantic dimensions in the historical facade. Due to the existence of cultural and historical heritage, historical axes have independent identities and characters that can stimulate the mind to understand their inner concrete meaning.
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Article Type: Systematic Review | Subject: Urban Scape
Received: 2022/12/10 | Accepted: 2022/12/24 | Published: 2023/04/30

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