Volume 1, Issue 1 (2020)                   2020, 1(1): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Lak A, Borzooie P. Developing a Conceptual Model for Planning and Designing of Customs and Marketplace: The Border Areas of Iran. Urban Design Discourse
a Review of Contemporary Litreatures and Theories 2020; 1 (1) :1-9
URL: http://udd.modares.ac.ir/article-40-34624-en.html
1- Urban & Regional Design & Planning Department, Architecture & Urbanism Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran , A_lak@sbu.ac.ir
2- Urban & Regional Design & Planning Department, Architecture & Urbanism Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3983 Views)
Aims: The border areas are the most deprived ones due to their remoteness from the capital and marginality. Therefore, border development is essential. This development can be realized through establishment of custom and border marketplaces, which will provide convenient shopping and leisure facilities, along with other infrastructures for importing and exporting goods, as well as entrance and departure of passengers. The goal of the present study was to develop a conceptual model for designing customs and border marketplaces.
Participants & Methods: This qualitative study has been conducted in two steps. In the first step, the design qualities of border marketplaces were extracted based on theoretical literature and were evaluated by a semi-structured interview with 10 participants by using snowball methods. In the next step, the theoretical model was developed by a questionnaire, based on the principles of the Delphi method with the help of 10 experts in the field of design sciences.
Findings: The results indicate that some approaches such as urban tourism, passive defense, city branding, and urban design are effective in developing the border areas.
Conclusion: A conceptual model including economic, social, legal and physical dimensions with an emphasize on some principles such as passive defense, accessibility, variety, inclusiveness, vitality, infrastructures, legibility, identity and local architecture, context-museum, sustainability, visual character, continuity and coherence, compatibility with nature and environmental cleanliness, can be used by urban planners and designers in the development of border areas.
Full-Text [PDF 521 kb]   (898 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Quality of Urban Public Spaces
Received: 2019/07/8 | Accepted: 2019/09/24 | Published: 2020/03/14

1. Koff H. Informal economies in European and American cross-border regions. J Borderl Stud. 2015;30(4):469-87. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/08865655.2016.1165133]
2. Andalib A. The basic theory and principles of spatial planning in border areas of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 1st Edition. Tehran: BASIJE MANTAGHE 3; 2001. [Persian] [Link]
3. Smallbone D, Welter F, Xheneti M, editors. Cross-border entrepreneurship and economic development in Europe's border regions. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2012. [Link] [DOI:10.4337/9781781952160]
4. Timothy DJ. Tourism and political boundaries. Abingdon: Routledge; 2001. [Link] [DOI:10.4324/9780203214480]
5. Valigholizadeh A, Hosein Nejad E. Evaluate the role of border markets in the development and welfare of frontier regions (case study: Sayranband border market of Baneh). J Bord Stud. 2016;1395(14):1-21. [Persian] [Link]
6. Timothy DJ. Shopping tourism, retailing and leisure. Bristol: Channel View Publications; 2005. [Link] [DOI:10.21832/9781873150610]
7. Van Houtum H. An overview of European geographical research on borders and border regions. J Borderl Stud. 2000;15(1):56-83. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/08865655.2000.9695542]
8. Walther OJ. Border markets: An introduction. Articulo: Journal of Urban Research. 2014;10(10):1-12. [Link] [DOI:10.4000/articulo.2532]
9. Więckowski M. Tourism development in the borderlands of Poland. Geogr Pol. 2010;83(2):67-81. [Link] [DOI:10.7163/GPol.2010.2.5]
10. Badri SA, Darban Astane A, Sadi S. The impact of border markets to promote socio-economic indicators frontier rural areas; Case study: Bashmaq border market, Marivan. J Spat Plan. 2017;7(3):41-62. [Persian] [Link]
11. Customs of Islamic Republic of Iran. I.R.I customs' strategic and operational program in 2017. Tehran: Office of Customs Planning and Improvement; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
12. Trade Promotion Organization of Iran, Directorate-General for Export-Import Regulations. Export-import regulation and the executive ordinance of law on export-import regulation and customs tariff tables based on the harmonized commodity description and coding system. Tehran: Commerce Printing and Publishing Company, Dependent Institute for Trade Studies & Research; 2011. [Persian] [Link]
13. Esfandiari H. Feasibility of creating border marketplaces and their impact on regional development, case study: North Khorasan Province [Dissertation]. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran; 2013. [Persian] [Link]
14. Glassner MI, Fahrer C. Political geography. 3rd Edition. Hoboken: Wiley; 2004. [Link]
15. Pirdashti H, Kamari M. The concept of border and frontier and its transformation process. Geogr Educ Q. 2015;30(1):13-9. [Persian] [Link]
16. Gasparini A. Belonging and identity in the European border towns: Self-centered borders, hetero-centered borders. J Borderl Stud. 2014;29(2):165-201. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/08865655.2014.916067]
17. Martinez OJ. Border people: Life and society in the US-Mexico borderlands. Tucson: University of Arizona Press; 1994. [Link]
18. Rahnama MR, Tavangar M. The role of border cities in the process of globalization and regional development of Iran, case study: The border cities of Khorasan Razavi Province. Geopolit Q. 2010;6(3):185-52. [Persian] [Link]
19. I.R.I Customs. The objectives and duties of I.R.I Customs [Internet]. Tehran: I.R.I Customs; 2016 [cited 2018 November 13]. Available from: https://irica.gov.ir/general_content/77138/77138.htm [Link]
20. Rumina E, Pourazizi A, Bayezi ST. The impact of economic exchanges on the development of border cities (case study: Piranshahr City). 2018;50(4):1049-65. [Persian] [Link]
21. Meymandi Parizi S, Kazemi Nia A. The vulnerability zoning of city of Kerman based on passive defense principles. AMAYESH SARZAMIN. 2014;7(1):119-44. [Persian] [Link]
22. Kamran H, Hoseini Amini H. Urban passive defense (with emphasis on geopolitics). Tehran: ASAR-E MOASER; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
23. Taghvaei M, Jozi Khamselouie A. Crisis management and planning in urban spaces with passive defense approach and SWOT model; Case study: Marching paths of the city of Isfahan. Geogr Plan Space Q J.2013;2(6):57-73. [Persian] [Link]
24. Monavarian A, Abooie Ardakani M, Poor Moosa M, Rahimiyan A. Designing a process model of city branding for Iran's metropolises. J Public Adm Perspect. 2013;4(13):41-63. [Persian] [Link]
25. Lang J. City branding. In: Banerjee T, Loukaitou-Sideris A, editors. Companion to urban design. Abingdon: Routledge; 2011. pp. 541-51. [Link]
26. Golkar K. Creating sustainable place: Reflections on urban design theory. 1st Edition. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Press; 2012. [Persian] [Link]
27. Okoli Ch, Pawlowski SD. The Delphi method as a research tool: An example, design considerations and applications. Inf Manag. 2004;42(1):15-29. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.im.2003.11.002]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.